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Tutorial for Arrow Variation 025 and 037 – Converging and Diverging Arrows

Using Converging Arrows

These frameworks are perfect for illustrating a convergence (series av025) and divergence (series 037).

  • av025: the single arrow into which the individual arrows flow is large enough to import a photograph or hold text, making this arrow a place to describe the convergence activity.
  • av037: the single arrow from which the individual arrows flow is large enough to import a photograph or hold text, making this arrow a place to describe the divergence activity.

Customizing the Converging and Diverging Arrows

Adjust size

Group the whole framework before sizing. Then grab one of the corner handles and begin sizing. Hold the shift key down if you want to scale the framework.

Color variations

Select color from your document's color palette or a complimentary color so that the arrows and outflows will reflect the color scheme of the rest of your document. Select "No line" if you want to eliminate the outline of the object, or change the line point size if you want thinner or heaver lines. These frameworks don't need a line color.

PowerPoint 2007 options

These arrow variations look nice with shadows and reflections. They also look okay with bevels, although the bevel effect does diminish the usable space for text. A drop shadow looks especially nice and "lifts" the framework off the page.

3D variations

A 3D effect adds volume to the arrow variation, which can be accomplished within PowerPoint after it is imported. Be sure to use 3D and/or 2D consistently throughout the presentation, and make sure you have complimentary dimensions (the same depth and direction of the 3D effect) on a page for a more polished look. A shorter 3D depth usually works better because there is more distinction between the segments.


A shadow adds interest and dimension to a graphic, which can be accomplished within PowerPoint after the arrows/outflows have been imported. Shadows can give the appearance of multiple objects. Just be sure that the shadow you choose does not interfere with the readability of any surrounding text or obscure the separations between the sections of the arrows/outflows.

Gradients, patterns, and pictures

Gradients can accentuate the direction of the arrows flowing into the convergence arrow, although each one needs to be formatted individually to be sure that the gradient directions match the arc of the arrow.

Be aware of the following if you intend to import pictures into the converging arrow. The frameworks are developed in three versions: flowing up, flowing down, and flowing left to right. Even though the frameworks are exactly the same except for the flow direction, it's important to select and use the correct version if you plan to import a photograph into the converged arrow. If you group and flip a framework to a different flow direction and then import a photograph, the photograph will be imported into the arrow in the original orientation (sideways or upside down).


Animations of flows should be restricted to wipes and fade ins. Download the animated example for a possible scheme.

Series that relate to this tutorial:

AV025 – Arrow Variation 025 – Converging Arrows

Possible use example

AV037 – Arrow Variation 037 – Diverging Arrows

Possible use example

Links to instructions for getting the framework into your presentation

  1. Determine the best file type for your needs
  2. Download the file
  3. Import the framework into your presentation
    1. Importing a PPT file
    2. Importing a EMF or PNG
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